fx brokers banner
fx brokers banner
  • by Smriti Mathur
  • Sep 21, 2022
  • icon

Know all about the stock market

A stock, often known as equity, is a financial instrument that reflects ownership of a portion of the issuing firm. Shares are units of stock that entitle the owner to a proportion of the corporation's assets and income equal to the amount of stock they possess.

Stocks are mostly purchased and sold on stock exchanges and serve as the cornerstone of many individual investors' portfolios.

Different ways stocks are classified?

·       Based on the company- These stocks are classified based on the market value of the entire company's share. Market capitalization is separated into three sorts of stocks based on the size of the company: small cap, medium cap, and large cap.

·       Based on industry- A stock type based on industry refers to equities that are classed based on the sector or industry in which they operate. For example, if you can invest in automobile stocks such as Maruti Suzuki, Tata Motors, Ashok Leyland, and others. Because of the dual nature of their business methods, it might be difficult to categorise any company in one industry.

·       According to the Business Cycle- The following are the types of stocks based on business cycles: Cyclical stocks are those whose performance parallels that of the market. Automobile, building, hotels, travel and tourism, luxury products, and other cyclical industries are examples. Non-cyclical stocks/defensive stocks- Non-cyclical industries' revenue generation remains unaffected by the economic slump. Even during the slump, stocks in these industries have the potential for growth.

·       Based on Investment cycle- Based on investment type stocks can be classified into following types: Growths stocks- Growth stocks are equities purchased in a firm with a higher growth rate, Value stocks- Value stocks expand at a slower rate than growth stocks and Dividend stocks - Dividend stocks- produce constant returns, and investors receive regular income in the form of gains.

·       Based on Location- As the name implies, stocks purchased in corporations can be categorised based on their location. Based on the location of the companies, there are two sorts of stocks. Domestic stocks are those in which the company and the investor are both based in the same country. International stocks, on the other hand, are those in which the company and the investor are located in different nations.


How should one invest in stocks?

The notion of investing in stocks may be intimidating to someone who has only read about it in the newspaper, heard about it from friends, or seen it in movies and TV shows. So by following the steps below we will ensure that you are easily able to invest in stocks.

  • Get a PAN - If you do not have a PAN, you will be unable to purchase shares online. Every individual is required by law to provide his or her PAN in order to conduct financial activities in India. 
  • Create a DEMAT and trading account- These are the accounts you must have in order to buy stocks online. The DEMAT account allows you to hold all of your securities in dematerialized form, whilst the trading account allows you to purchase and sell equities. DEMAT and trading accounts can be opened with online investment platforms or brokerage firms.
  • Choose a Broker- One of the first things to understand about how to buy stocks is that you cannot trade shares directly. Stocks can only be purchased through SEBI-registered brokers and investment platforms. To select the best solution, you should weigh your investment objectives against the fees charged by various brokers.
  •  Attach your bank account to your trading account- All of your transactions will take place through the trading account. When it comes to how to buy shares, however, your bank account is also required. You make an order to purchase stocks using your trading account, but the payment is made through your bank account. As a result, it is recommended that all three accounts - DEMAT, trading, and savings - be linked to facilitate flawless order executions.
  • Obtain a UID- If your transaction exceeds Rs. 1 lakh, you must obtain a Unique Identification Number, or UID. This is required by SEBI for all market participants, including investors. After you have completed all of the above stages, you can begin to buy stocks online.


What are the best apps for buying stocks?

Trading applications have made it extremely simple and convenient for investors, traders, and even novices to trade in financial products of their choice, such as mutual funds, bonds, and fixed deposits, with a single click. The primary advantages of using a trading app are the ability to save all of your investment information in one place and to give you with additional tools and features that aid in making better investment decisions.0

·       E*TRADE caters to both active stock and options traders with several trading platforms and $0 online stock and ETF commissions, as well as long-term investors with dozens of mutual funds that can be traded with no transaction charge. Customers can select from four types of managed portfolios that are professionally managed and built for any level of an investor's investment experience. With a $500 minimum investment, E*TRADE Core Portfolios is an especially appealing robo-advisor.

·       TD Ameritrade distinguishes itself as a top online stockbroker with enticing features such as highly accessible customer assistance, in-depth and comprehensive stock trading research, no minimum account sizes, and competitive commission pricing.. TD Ameritrade distinguishes itself as a top online stock broker with enticing features such as highly accessible customer assistance, in-depth and comprehensive stock trading research, no minimum account sizes, and competitive commission pricing. If you want to open a brokerage account, our TD Ameritrade review can help you decide if this is the best stock broker for you.

·       Robinhood: A mobile app for investors looking to invest in stocks, ETFs, options, fractional shares, and cryptocurrency. Investors looking for an IRA account or to purchase mutual funds should seek elsewhere. Robinhood is well renowned for being the first to introduce the concept of zero-commission stock trading. While most of the top brokers have followed suit, Robinhood maintains a competitive cost structure. In addition to not charging flat costs on options trades, Robinhood does not charge a per-contract fee. Many of the best options platforms continue to do this.

·       Ally Invest is a textbook example of a bargain brokerage. It provides some of the most competitive pricing on stocks, ETFs, options, and mutual funds. This is one of the best stock brokers we've encountered, with no commissions and low-cost mutual fund trades. Investors looking for a flexible investing platform that reduces stock trading commissions. Those looking for no-fee mutual funds or an active trading platform should search elsewhere.

·       Merrill Edge is a premier brokerage that provides valuable benefits such as no commissions, high-quality third-party research, and exceptional client service. Merrill Edge, like all of the leading stock brokers, now offers commission-free stock, ETF, and options trading online. It should be noted that an options contract fee of $0.65 per contract applies.


Tips for beginners

o   Purchase the right investment- Choosing the correct stock is far easier said than done. Anyone can recognise a stock that has performed well in the past, but forecasting a stock's success in the future is far more challenging. If you want to be successful investing in individual stocks, you must be willing to put in a lot of effort to evaluate a firm and manage the investment. When studying a company, you should look at its fundamentals, such as earnings per share (EPS) or a price-earnings ratio (P/E ratio). But you'll need to do a lot more: research the company's management team, assess its competitive advantages, and examine its financials, especially the balance sheet and income statement. 

o   Avoid individual stocks if you’re a beginner- Everyone has heard about a large stock victory or a terrific stock pick. Remember that in order to regularly make money in particular stocks, you must know something that the forward-looking market hasn't already priced into the stock price. Remember that for every seller in the market, there is a buyer who is equally confident that they will benefit. Don’t go for individual stocks as nobody certain about how one stock might perform in the future. Diversification is the best way forward.

o   Make a portfolio that is diverse- Diversification is vital since it decreases the chance of any single stock in the portfolio negatively impacting overall performance, which actually boosts your overall returns. In comparison, if you only buy one stock, you are putting all of your eggs in one basket. Purchasing an ETF or a mutual fund is the simplest approach to build a diverse portfolio. The products are already diversified, and you don't need to perform any research on the firms in the index fund.

o   Be ready for a downturn- Most investors find it difficult to accept a loss in their investments. And, because the stock market fluctuates, you will experience losses from time to time. You'll need to toughen up to deal with these losses, or you'll be tempted to purchase high and sell low in a panic. Because stocks do not have principal guarantees, it is possible to lose money when investing.

o   Before investing real money, try a stock market simulator- Using a stock simulator is one method to get started in the world of trading without taking any risks. Using a virtual money online trading account will not put your real money at danger. You'll also be able to evaluate how you'd respond if it were your money that was being gained or lost.

o   Short-term trading should be avoided- Understanding whether you're investing for the long run or the short term might also assist you decide on a plan - and if you should invest at all. Short-term investors may have unreasonable expectations regarding the growth of their money. Furthermore, data suggests that the majority of short-term investors, such as day traders, lose money. You're up against powerful investors and well-programmed algorithms that may have a better understanding of the market. New investors should be aware that regularly purchasing and selling stocks might be costly. Even though a broker's headline trading commission is zero, it can generate taxes and other expenses. When you invest for the short term, you run the danger of not having your money when you need it.


Best Stocks to invest in

Investors are sometimes urged to invest in equities for the long term in order to gain from compounded growth. The power of compounding is a vital idea to comprehend in order to fully appreciate the rewards of long-term investing. Compounding is akin to a multiplier effect in that the interest generated by the initial capital also earns interest, so the investment's value grows at a multiplicative rather than additive rate.


                        I.         EOG Resources Inc: By 2022, inflation had already been a worry. The year-on-year growth in the consumer price index for November 2021 was a brisk 6.8%. EOG Resources, a producer of oil and natural gas in the United States, was chosen primarily as a hedge against the danger of continuous inflation, and it has not disappointed: In June, inflation reached 9.1%, the highest rate since 1981. With energy prices emerging as a primary driver of inflation this year, EOG stock has profited, as the stock is up 33.6% in 2022 through Aug. 17.

                       II.         Grupo Aeroportuario del Sureste SAB de CV (ASR): This next name is a little off the beaten route, but that's where the best possibilities can be found. Grupo Aeroportuario del Sureste, situated in Mexico, was a thematic option intended at providing geographic diversification to this group of businesses while also betting on the overall desire of people to travel again. So far, it has worked: Through August 17, 2022, the stock is up 12.2% after dividends.

                      III.         Visa Inc. (V)- Rising worldwide travel demand has strengthened credit card giant Visa, which is comfortably outperforming the broader market in 2022 despite its share price essentially remaining flat. Cross-border travel volume surpassed 2019 levels for the first time since the epidemic began in the third quarter of Visa's fiscal year. Last quarter, cross-border volume increased 40% year on year, contributing to a 19% increase in revenue and a 33% increase in earnings per share. Visa returned $3.3 billion to stockholders last quarter through share buybacks and dividends.

                     IV.         Microsoft Corporation (MSFT) is The most valued firm on this list, with a market capitalization of $2.2 trillion. Microsoft, the titan of technology, is the next best stock to purchase in 2022. Despite its size, Microsoft has been gradually growing, with revenue increasing by 12% in the most recent quarter. Microsoft offers a slew of powerful digital products, including the widely used Windows operating system and Microsoft Office productivity software. Recent ventures include its $26.2 billion acquisition of LinkedIn in 2016 and the emergence of its cloud computing unit Azure, which witnessed 40% year-over-year sales growth last quarter.


This article gives you a broad understanding of how stocks works and what are the available various types of stocks that one can invest in. By reading the above article you can take a look at the different apps available to you and also the best performing long-term stocks and invest accordingly.